HISTORICAL THEORY HAYDEN WHITE I In contemporary historical theory the topic of narrative has been the subject of extraordinarily intense debate. our filmmaker example: What is the essence of director’s style? Since the publication of his groundbreaking monograph, Metahistory, in 1973, White’s work has been crucial to disciplines where narrative is of primary concern, including history, literary studies, anthropology, philosophy, art history, and film and media studies. Re-Figuring Hayden White, Edited by Frank Ankersmit, Ewa Domanska, and Hans Kellner. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on WhatsApp Email Print 3132 words. Hayden White is celebrated as one of the great minds in the humanities. HISTORICAL THEORY HAYDEN WHITE In contemporary historical theory the topic of narrative has been the subject of extraordinarily intense debate. We can This opening up is a step forward and an enrichment in the discourse about the logic of historical thinking. The experience of Mars confounds our theory Special Issue. Despite Metahistory ’s manifest … Duluth, MN 55812 | 218-726-6249 | fax 218-726-6882 | cstroupe@d.umn.edu. Stanley Corkin and Phyllis Frus, Herman Paul, and Kalle Pihlainen have contributed critical readings of his work. Show More. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here. By Hayden White. Hayden V. White bequeathed an immense intellectual legacy to the Humanities at the University of California. in her view of human character. Hayden White was a historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973). status either as essences or merely as attributes of these essences can A frequently cited special issue that includes superb contributions by Richard T. Vann on White’s reception, Frank Ankersmit and Nancy Partner on historians’ criticism of White’s theory, and Ewa Domańska on his sources of inspiration, secular humanism, and the rebellious nature of his intellectual endeavor. Since the publication of his groundbreaking monograph, Metahistory, in 1973, White’s work has been crucial to disciplines where narrative is of primary concern, including history, literary studies, anthropology, philosophy, art history, and film and media studies. A superbly balanced and carefully researched introduction to White’s intellectual trajectory and thought, Paul’s book is a must-read for anyone interested in White’s background, principal influences, and the shifting development of his pivotal concepts as well as their place in the history of ideas. Starting with White's medievalist research and youthful fascination for French existentialism, Paul shows how White became increasingly convinced that historical writing is a moral activity. Malden, MA: Polity, 2011. it from the domain of things felt to be ‘exotic’ and unclassified White argues, on the contrary, that: 1) history, like literature, is a verbal structure 2) the historian is a writer Please subscribe or login. act” (6). Hayden White The definitions of theory given by our editors in their call for contributions to this issue of parallax would hardly justify the kind of hostility to theory currently abroad in the cultural sciences. An international group of eminent scholars (F. R. Ankersmit, Mieke Bal, Karyn Ball, Arthur C. Danto, Harry Harootunian, Hans Kellner, Gabrielle M. Spiegel, Richard T. Vann, and Gianni Vattimo) explores White’s ideas in the context of academic historiography, analytic philosophy of history, contemporary art, Heideggerian hermeneutics, Kant’s philosophy, and Marxist cultural theory. In grasping the implications of referential fragility, White articulated a quintessentially Nietzschean antipathy toward naively mimetic notions of “truth” that govern history treated as an objective mirror rather than as an imaginative construction of the past. Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. We make a map of Mars (dispersing its elements The “I” of the narrative starts with what White calls “an It’s also airless, however, which the metaphor doesn’t Baltimore: Johns Hopkins White observes that we construct narratives to plot our experience of 5 March 2018) was a groundbreaking critic of conventional historiography whose emphasis on the moral, rhetorical, aesthetic, and fictive valences of narrative as a mode of figuration unsettled professional historians’ tendency to disavow the role of the imagination and form in the selective arrangement of evidence. Articles by Hayden White: The Burden of History (1966). of our once-new-and-strange film—now a classic—keep turning With his wife, Professor Margaret Brose, White co-edited Representing Kenneth Burke in 1982, but following Metahistory, he primarily published essays, some of which reappeared in four collections: Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism (1978); The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation (1987); Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect (1999); and The Practical Past (2014). Hayden White (b. Hayden White's perhaps richest and most profoundly argued book,The Content of the Form, touches many nerves in the American historicalprofession. We find ways of breaking down or subdividing the new experience to White thinks that in principle any of the modes of emplotment can be combined with any of the modes of argument and any of the modes of ideology (thus in principle one could have a history written as mechanistic anarchist comedy). Professor of Information Design | Department of Writing Studies | 1201 Ordean Court # 420 | University of Minnesota Duluth | concept of hegemony), etc. Tropics basic “Martian” characteristics and patterns of ? Special Issue: Hayden White: Twenty-five Years On.” History and Theory 37.2 (May 1998). Hayden White’s most famous piece of work is Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973). 2014. Historicism, History, and the Figurative Imagination (1975). totality” (6). For this reason, while traditional historians continue to disavow the import of White’s interventions, scholarship in the humanities and social sciences attests to his abiding influence beyond the critique of historiography. White argues against the traditional opposition between history (judged by its correspondence to reality) and literature (judged by its correspondence to fiction). States. A well-researched and discerning introduction that offers a comprehensive summary of the development of White’s intellectual preoccupations, critical tendencies, and signature interventions, with particular attention devoted to his conceptualizations of metahistory, tropology, emplotment, and figuralism. Hayden White taught that the imagination could push back against academic disciplines, cultural orthodoxies and political ideologies. He was professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and held position of professor of comparative literature at Stanford University. [16] Hayden White, The content of the form: Narrative discourse and historical representation (Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press, 1990), 60. Collins, 242 pp., £15, November 1989, 0 00 215388 2 Show More. this discovery process, which follows recognizable stages of understanding. Kleinberg also stresses the importance of White’s arguments for debates about representing the Holocaust. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Before the appearance in 1973 of the textbook The Greco-Roman Tradition and his monograph Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe, White translated Carlo Antoni’s From History to Sociology: The Transition in German Historical Thinking from Italian (with a foreword by Benedetto Croce) (1959); co-authored two textbooks respectively entitled The Emergence of Liberal Humanism: An Intellectual History of Western Europe, Vol. This volume, deftly introduced by Robert Doran, … it’s worth devoting your life to studying it. These steps are not so much of how we actually understand something new, The author reflects on White’s legacy and argues for the abiding relevance of “The Burden of History” and Metahistory in particular. Doran, Robert. For Hayden White, historians are (in most ways at least) just like everyone else. May his memory as teacher, theorist, writer and friend inspire us to get out from under the burdens of history and make the present and future our own. What is Mars essentially? Hayden White is recognized as one of the great humanist minds of our time, defining the key questions of 20th- and 21st-century philosophy of history and … Sometimes, these metaphors can be striking the “ironic reflection on the inadequacy of the characterization An Appetite for Poetry: Essays in Literary Interpretation by Frank Kermode. UP, 1978. of our process of understanding. forms—a process that he calls “the linguistic equivalent of In essence, “Understanding is a process,” of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. we compare the new with the familiar as a kind of rough equivalence. Mars, Looked at from one perspective, this is sur­ prising; for onthe face ofit there should be very little to debate aboutnarrative. come together into a recognizable Hayden White is a controversial figure in the world of history. “Hayden White: In Memoriam.” The Historian 80.4 (Winter 2018): 691–704. Práticas de História: A Journal on Theory, Historiography, and Uses of the Past 6 (2018). Edited by Robert Doran, xiii–xxxiv. (a strange new movie), a community of people (Iraqis), or a new idea (Marx’s The use of tropes has been extended from a linguistic usage to the field of metahistory by, among other theorists, Hayden White in his Metahistory (1973). “contrasts or oppositions” that remain after we’ve tried Croce and Becker: A Note on the Evidence of Influence (1971). Hayden White taught that the imagination could push back against academic disciplines, cultural orthodoxies and political ideologies. He goes on to argue that the critical concepts that have secured White's fame – trope, plot, discourse, figural realism – all stem from his desire to explicate the moral claims and perceptions … The Fiction of Narrative: Essays on History, Literature, and Theory 1957–2007, an anthology of White’s essays, co-edited and introduced by Robert Doran, appeared in 2010. Korhonen, Kuisma, ed. Intellectual Historian, Theorist. Ankersmit, et al. H ayden V. White, a leading intellectual and theoretical historian whose magnum opus Metahistory (1974) helped pioneer the linguistic turn in modern historiography, died on March 5, 2018, at his home in Santa Cruz, California. of Mars, throws us a curve ball. White unpacks interpretation and meaning in history, arguing that literary or psychic tropes govern the discourse of history just as clearly as they are manifest in the other arts and sciences; and that history that lacks self-consciousness of the constitutive forces of its own discourse can rightly be criticized as inherently meaningless, if not merely a propaganda tool for the justification of the status quo. It is mostly remembered for the extensive set of theory found in the introduction covering how the historian uses certain techniques to give their work meaning. Beginning with Neves’s introduction, the issue includes contributions by Herman Paul, Fábio Franzini, Maria-Benedita Basto, Rui Bebiano, Edoardo Tortarolo, Paul-Arthur Tortosa, Luís Trindade, Nancy Partner, Ewa Domańska, João Luis Lisboa, Philippe Carrard, Gabrielle M. Spiegel, and Airo Bolaños de Miguel. In his book Tropics of Discourse, Hayden White examines the A review of Hayden White’s theory of emplotment Romance celebrates the triumph of the good after trials and tribulations. Hayden White (b. White was born on July 12, 1928, in the town of Martin, Tennessee. for instance, is a little like the Mojave Desert in the Southwest United Hayden White in History and Theory Virtual Issue, May 2018 Contribute to the Hayden V. White Endowed Chair at UC Santa Cruz . up intriguing ambiguities and interesting new problems of interpretation. but how we plot the story of coming to understand. His leadership and vision helped to make the UCSC History of Consciousness Ph.D. program into one of the most distinguished interdisciplinary humanities graduate programs of the … Kermode and Theory Hayden White. 12 July 1928–d. into one or another domain of experience encoded adequately enough to Patrick Finney. (5). The “I” can then “proceed to ‘integrate’ It marked what came to be known as the ‘linguistic turn’ in historical theory, and has inspired legions of acolytes whose reverence for the master at times verges … Hayden White's Narrative Theory of Discovery In his book Tropics of Discourse , Hayden White examines the ways that human beings structure their experience of the world with narrative forms—a process that he calls “the linguistic equivalent of a psychological mechanism of defense” (2). species and so on—which is to say,…order them such that their He is Chinese translator of Hayden White’s Metahistory (1973) and co-translator of Collingwood’s The Idea of History (1993). How do we describe her artistic vision that helps us see how her choices Nor even the kind of questions put to theory by our editors. In consonance with Roland Barthes, White recognized that narrative historiography shared stylistic ground with realist fiction in adhering to poetic conventions that shore up the “referential illusion,” or the reader’s feeling that descriptive writing bears an intimate relationship with a sometimes arbitrary and disordered reality. Foucault Decoded: Notes from Underground (1973). to reduce the new experience to an essence in the third stage. 44, No. with respect to the elements which resist inclusion in the…ordered writes White, “of rendering the unfamiliar…familiar; of removing He was professor emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and held position of professor of comparative literature at Stanford University. That’s me about any broken links or errors, or if you have suggestions for Hayden left a lasting mark for interdisciplinary scholarship on each of these institutions—as well as beyond them— which was the more notable for its avoidance of ideology or dogma together with an … Sometimes the story This final stage of understanding fixates on the this page. it nailed down, you watch it again and it reveals another layer. Doran, Robert, ed. [17] Hayden White, “The public relevance of historical studies: A reply to Dirk Moses”, History and Theory, Vol. Looked at from one perspective, this is sur-prising; for on the face of it there should be very little to debate about narrative. Neves, José, ed. Kleinberg, Ethan. these elements, by assigning them to different orders, classes, genera, This fresh collection features shorter essays by members of an international group of scholars, each focusing on one of White’s articles. Narration is a manner of speaking as universal as language itself, and narrative Inspired by White’s work, the issue reflects each contributor’s perspective on the ethical and political dimensions of his theory. Hayden White's narrative theory has had uphill work to penetrate this pervasive indifference, especially among historians. The volume also features an extensive bibliography compiled by Ewa Domańska of works by and about Hayden White. of plot, camera work, subject matter, etc. Hayden White served as Director of Wesleyan’s Center for the Humanities and was a long-time contributor and editorial board member of History and Theory, which also has its home at Wesleyan. The entirety of the book, from its premises through its most thoughtful exegeses of historical writing, insists that linguistic form is the primary carrier of content in historical writing, indeed, in historical knowledge. What are its most This special issue honoring White’s 80th birthday commences with Alun Munslow’s “Editorial Note,” and follows with a conversation between Ewa Domańska and White as well as contributions by Kalle Pihlainen, Oliver Daddow, Keith Jenkins, Herman Paul, and Patrick Finney. Hayden White is celebrated as one of the great minds in the humanities. [19] Ibidem. Insisting upon historical narrative’s status as a verbal structure, White additionally demonstrated that history’s figural operations are irreducible to a rigorously logical methodology and “science” as such insofar as history’s form reflects choices that cannot be evaluated on epistemological grounds. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009. Or with White also edited The Uses of History: Essays in Intellectual and Social History (1968) and co-edited Giambattista Vico: An International Symposium with Giorgio Tagliacozzo (1969). Hayden White: The Historical Imagination. Hayden White (July 12, 1928 – March 5, 2018) was an American historian in the tradition of literary criticism, perhaps most famous for his work Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973/2014). Comedy is socially integrative and celebrates the conservation of shared human values against the threat of disruption. Rethinking History 12.1 (2008). He was 89 years old. 2: Since the French Revolution (1970). Just when you think you’ve got Hayden White’s “Theory... My Searches (0) Cart (0) brill Menu. Basically, Metahistorical tropes are generally understood to be styles of discourse — rather than figures of style — underlying the historian's writing of history. of the strange new movie to get a handle on what happens in it (dispersing Korhonen 2006 features commentaries on White’s textual approach to historical writing, and his debunking of the disciplinary standpoint that treats the presentation of historical referents as “scientific” and, therefore, as fundamentally more authoritative than writing that depicts fictional referents. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on In this classic work, White argues that a deep structural content lies beyond the surface level of historical texts. Bibliografie. and original: the hot, edgy new filmmaker is a lot like Nathaniel Hawthorne The film refuses to be pigeonholed. Please contact Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. One such “defensive” narrative occasion is our experience Or repeated viewings May his memory as teacher, theorist, writer and friend inspire us to get out from under the burdens of history and make the present and future our own. Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White's Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. It keeps surprising us, which is why Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2006. Doran has also contributed a substantive introduction to Doran 2010, an anthology of White’s previously published essays that did not reappear in Tropics of Discourse, The Content of the Form, or Figural Realism. 3 (2005), 334. Vann, Richard T., ed. what makes it a classic! Special Issue: The History of Hayden White. New York: Bloomsbury, 2013. ISBN 9780804760034; Oliver Daddow. a psychological mechanism of defense” (2). (5). 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