Cattail’s biggest claim to ‘almost’ fame came toward the end of World War Two according to legend. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women. Cattail, (genus Typha), genus of about 30 species of tall reedy marsh plants (family Typhaceae), found mainly in temperate and cold regions of the Northern and Southern hemispheres. First of all, please understand I’m taking some license with word emergency here. An infusion of the root is used to treat cuts and various skin disorders. The cattail is one of the most important and most common wild foods that also boast a variety of uses at different times of the year. According to the National Academy of Sciences, interest in aquaculture and the need for more biodiversity and sustainability as well as less waste in our food supply has revived interest in harvesting cattail for our consumption.​. As I found a spot for myself a red squirrel came bounding toward me on a fallen log. I was admiring a blanket of stars spread above Lake Como in Montana’s Bitterroot valley, when out of the stillness of the chill winter night came floating a deep, dignified, hoo-h’HOO-hoo-hoo. Tenders should be soft and bland. Cattail has a multitude of medicinal uses as well. Cat-o-nine-tails, reedmace, bulrush, water torch, candlewick, punk, and corn dog grass. Utilized worldwide, Cattail is one of the more significant food plants. Everyday Yarrow Uses for Natural Healing Yarrow is historically known for its medicinal properties. These pollutants stay in the plant. Traditional Medicinal Use. The medicinal uses of cattails include poultices made from the split and bruised roots that can be applied to cuts, wounds, burns, stings, and bruises. Other uses: Fluff is good tinder and insulation, leaves can be woven into baskets and used to thatch huts. is often nicknamed "The Supermarket of the Swamp", and for good reason! The medicinal uses of cattails include poultices made from the split and bruised roots that can be applied to cuts,wounds,burns,stings,and bruises. Take internally for internal bleeding, menstrual pain, chest pains, & other forms of blood stagnation. Yarrow flowers, leaves and stems can be used to make a medicinal tea. They not only provide, food, material for shelters and cordage cattails have medicinal uses as well. Urban gardeners frequently plant cattails in small ponds as a barrier between the exhaust fumes from roadways and fruit trees or vegetable plots. People who have trouble weighing the environmental and ethical implications of purchasing jackets or sleeping bags filled with goose down versus synthetic down may be pleased to learn that cattail fluff is an environmentally-friendly — though decidedly time-consuming— alternative. You can also cook the pollen in the same manner you’d cook corn on the cob and use it in a dressing to stop bleeding. About Cattail Benefits Nutritional Facts of Cattail Cattail Health Benefits Cattail Uses Cattail Side Effects Cattail Cultivation The health benefits of Cattail are such that it provides natural antiseptic properties, helps in preventing Anaemia, provides skin care, helps in cancer prevention, provides steady increase in energy, has cardio tonic and lipid-lowering effects. Common Cattail- Heads . Moreover, it is even used to dissolve stasis. Wash thoroughly before eating parts raw so as to avoid picking up any infectious, water-borne microbes. www.canadianbushcraft.ca Cattails also provide two forms of antiseptic; both the ashes from burned cattail leaves and the droplets of sap that form at the plant’s base can be applied to wounds to keep them from getting infected. ​Hopefully, you’ve learned a few things – maybe even a few useful things – about the cattail plant and how it can help you in a survival or emergency situation while you're out hunting or fishing. Make sure to have other kindling ready to take the flame because the down burns very quickly. The ash from burned leaves can also be incorporated into a … This is one of the most famous survival plants the indigenous population used for … Pretty awesome. You can use either the fresh or dried flower/leaves. https://wildmedicines.blogspot.com/2012/11/cattail-typha.html What other plant can boast eight food products, three medicinal’s, and at least 12 other functional uses? And many songbirds, such as cedar waxwings, line their nests with cattail down. Tenders should be soft and bland. Cattail. The leaves can be woven together to make temporary shelters, mats, chairs, baskets, and hats. The dried stalks can be used for hand drills and arrow shafts. -, Native Americans were already using it in all sorts of ways; including medicinally, According to the National Academy of Sciences, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02910407, http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/10.1139/b81-287#.WVrsUoQrK00, https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article/13/5/487/658720/Evolution-of-medical-treatment-for-endometriosis, http://www.pnas.org/content/96/11/5995.short. The seed heads … Cattail leaf margins are never red or wavy. Cattails can be used in recipes for pancakes and bread, casseroles, and stir fry. One acre of cattails would yield about 6,475 pounds of flour (Harrington 1972). It truly could be lifesaving in the right situation.​, 67 Expert Tips: Kayak Fishing for Beginners, How to Choose the Best Portable Fish Finder, it has a lot of benefits both to the environment, and to us as lovers of the outdoors, should know how to use it to your benefit if you need it; especially in an emergency, it does have a number of medicinal qualities you can use if you left your first aid kit at home, astringent, coagulant, pain-relieving and antiseptic attributes that can slow or stop bleeding, ease pain, and help clean wounds or scratches. Find out how you can use it — in all forms — for natural healing and first-aid treatment. They not only provide, food, material for shelters and cordage cattails have medicinal uses as well. Medicinally, cattail’s prime use is external. Ways we’ve mostly forgotten today. Also, the “down” of the mature flower spikes has been used as a dressing for burns and wounds. Cattail has several ways of keeping a person warm and not all of them include combustion. You can also use it as kindling to start a fire. But if you’re ever in the great outdoors without a proper medical kit or a snack to eat, I hope you remember and apply this information. ​Cattail hasn’t always been as prevalent in the United States and Canada as it is now. I turned off the trail and headed into the woods in search of a comfortable place to nestle down and daydream. Mash up the roots to make a poultice, and use it to treat burns, scrapes, sores, cuts, bruises, and even acne. Same type of content with added weirdness. In Daniel Moerman’s Native American Ethnobotany, he describes many of the medicinal uses of the cattail. By folding a few leaves from the cattail stalk, Chippewa made simple dolls and small toy ducks that really float. The Cherokee used to make a mild tea from the twigs and black gum bark to relieve chest pains. Technology: The leaves and stalks were used extensively in making sewn exterior mats for wigwams. Cattail Rhizomes – (underground stems) and lower stems have a sweet flavor and can be eaten raw, baked, roasted, or broiled. A long time ago, people noticed that using the fluff inside of layers of linen makes for a great insulator. Cattails have also been successfully used in cleaning up a range of toxins that have leached into waterways, such as arsenic, pharmaceuticals, explosives, phosphorous, and methane. How Cat Tail Plant is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The sap can also be used on toothaches. Cattail Flower Bread; Other Uses for Cattails. Cattail seed pods are ALWAYS at the top of the stem. But because cattails absorb water pollutants, this also makes them very useful in keeping water systems clean. If you find a Calamus make a note you may want to go back later. The root can be poulticed and used on cuts, wounds, scrapes, burns, stings, and bruises, as well as scabs, inflammations, and smallpox pustules. The seeds of the mature plant can be used in the same manners, while young flowers of the plant can be eaten to stop diarrhea. The legendary Japanese sword Kusanagi got its name from the Calamus. Cattail seed pods are ALWAYS at the top of the stem. Chinese researchers are investigating cattail pollen’s reputation for shrinking cancerous tumors. Achillea millefolium Yarrow or milfoil is a leading backyard medicine plant. arrow shafts, hand drills, hats, mats, cordage, baskets, bedding, shelters, syrup, bandages for wounds, burns, stings, cuts, bruises, and for mitigating toothaches. Anticoagulant Diuretic Emmenagogue Haemostatic Lithontripic Miscellany The pollen is diuretic, emmenagogue and haemostatic[176]. https://wildmedicines.blogspot.com/2012/11/cattail-typha.html The legendary Japanese sword Kusanagi got its name from the Calamus. Notes: Though flowers and shoots are edible for humans, Cattail may be poisonous to grazing animals. It helps to reduce the deposition of lipids on the walls of the arteries. This has not changed and today, the same fluff can still be used in this way. The ash of burned cattail leaves can be applied to wounds as an antiseptic and styptic. In some East Indian and Chinese cultures, the roots of the Sweet Flag have many medicinal uses. Like many other wetland plants, cattails bio-accumulate toxins. Cattails are also a culinary delicacy and all parts of the plant can be eaten. The roots should be cooked before eating. If you’re like me, you’ve never really given the cattail on the edge of your favorite lake or pond much thought. The cattail roots and stem can also be used to reduce fever, increase urine flow (diuretic), increase lactation, and treat dysentery. Chinese researchers are investigating cattail pollen’s reputation for shrinking cancerous tumors. Used externally, the pollen has an anticoagulant effect if it is uncooked. It needs to be boiled for 10-12 minutes before eating. It is contraindicated for pregnant women. The Waccamaw Siouan used the juice from the stem as an analgesic, similar to aloe. The two girls filled hand-sewn pillows with the cattail down, unknowingly mimicking the indigenous use of the plant’s seeds in lining moccasins and papoose boards. Let’s enumerate some other survival uses right now: cattail can be used for making pillows, tinder, torches , fire, insulation, for fire transportation. t truly could be lifesaving in the right situation, We use cookies for various purposes including analytics and personalized marketing. To treat burns, scrapes, insect bites and bruises, split open a cattail root and “bruise” the exposed portion so it can be used as a poultice that can be secured over the injured area. It has astringent, coagulant, pain-relieving and antiseptic attributes that can slow or stop bleeding, ease pain, and help clean wounds or scratches.​. I looked up and saw two more falling. Key TCM Actions & Medicinal Uses: Cattail Pollen (Pu Huang): Stops Bleeding/Removes Stasis: bloody noses, traumatic bleeding, abdominal pain, menstrual cramps, postpartum bleeding, uterine bleeding, vomiting blood and blood in the urine. In some east Indian and Chinese cultures the roots of the Sweet Flag have many medicinal uses. But whether you love it, hate it or never thought about it, you should know how to use it to your benefit if you need it; especially in an emergency.​. Medicine: Pollen is hemostatic & astringent. It’s kind of an odd plant, really. Baskets can be used to carry food and supplies with you as you travel throughout the wilderness looking for sanctuary. This advantage helps them to crowd out other important wetland plant species. The cattail roots have rhizomes. The ash of the burned cattail leaves can be used as an antiseptic or styptic for wounds. Maybe – if you’re not like me – you already have a strong opinion about cattails. The utility of this cattail is limited only by your imagination. But it does have a number of medicinal qualities you can use if you left your first aid kit at home or need some extra padding in a splint.​, The jelly from between the young leaves (most plentiful in the Springtime) can be used as an itch or pain reliever. Cattail Flower Bread; Other Uses for Cattails. Learning wild plants used for medicine, food, and tools is also known as the study of ethnobotany (how people utilize plants). Native Americans routinely harvested the cattail plant for use as tinder, diaper material, and, yes, food. Medicinal Uses. I… The pollen is astringent, desiccant, diuretic, haemostatic and vulnerary. Place directly on cut to control bleeding. If you’re interested in finding out more about harvesting and preparing cattails, I found this great series of YouTube videos on it you should check out.​. Migration is one of the many adaptations used by birds and other animals to cope with the cold temperatures and scarcity of food that winter can bring. It is used internally in the treatment of kidney stones, haemorrhage, painful menstruation, abnormal uterine bleeding, post-partum pains, abscesses and cancer of the lymphatic system[222, 238]. Medicinal use of Southern Cattail: The leaves are diuretic. A decoction from sumac was used as a gargle to relieve sore throats or taken as a remedy for diarrhea. A passage from Wild Edible Plants of Texas: Cattail pollen is collected by banging/shaking the mature punks in a container. Pollen is also mildly diuretic and emenagogue. Medicinally, cattail’s prime use is external. There are few things more evocative of wildness in the northern woods than the hooting of great horned owls. The bark of any tree is more than just a good-looking facade. They not only provide, food, material for shelters and cordage, cattails have several medicinal uses as well. I know we discussed it briefly above, but when it comes to survival and emergency situations, cattail is not just good for medicinal purposes. It slows down the growth of facial hair and treats Hirsutism. Related: How Cherokees Used Trees of Southern Appalachia for Food, Medicine, and Craft #8. Painted Puzzle Pieces: How Ponderosa Pine Bark Protects and Preserves, 'Field Notes:' How Scientists Study Bird Migration, 'Field Notes:' How Red Squirrels Store Food For The Winter. Cattail is a member of the grass family, Gramineae, as are rice, corn, wheat, oats, barley, and rye, just to mention a few. This honey-looking product has strong antiseptic properties, which made cattail an indispensable part of the first aid kit on the American frontier for centuries. Also, the “down” of the mature flower spikes has been used as a dressing for burns and wounds. Cattails, for all their various uses, are an invasive plant and are still often seen as an annoyance by property owners and wetlands conservationists. Cattail pollen capsules, known as Pu Huang, are a popular remedy for nosebleeds, uterine bleeding and blood in the urine. The ash from burned leaves can also be incorporated into a medicinal … Cattail pollen capsules, known as Pu Huang, are a popular remedy for nosebleeds, uterine bleeding and blood in the urine. ***Attention*** Plight to Freedom is now The Cargo Cult Café. It provides cover and food for an amazing variety of animals, fish, and insects. The pollen spike at the top is packed with protein. With the scientific name Typha, this unassuming species of flowering plants may be overlooked by most people, and might also be known by many names, including bulrush, reedmace, raupo, or corn dog grass, but almost every variant of the species shares similar physical properties, and medicinal uses. And if you need to start a fire to cook food or keep warm, cattails are a fine substitute for wood when starting a fire. For comprehensive information (e.g. But if you roast it over a slow fire until it's black, you can use it as a wound dressing to stop bleeding. These amazing plants can provide you with shelter, fire, food, and water (since they grow near water sources). Also commonly seen at Bancroft Pond are mallard ducks and Canada geese who eat the cattail roots. Using the Cattail Fluff for Insulation. There’s no doubt the plant can be a nuisance. The ash of the burned cattail leaves can be used as an antiseptic or styptic for wounds. Turmeric ( Haldi in India ) contains Vitamin B6. The roots and stalks can be baked, boiled, fried, or, if harvested from a pristine area, eaten raw. Sometimes the margins on the Sweet Flag are red. is often nicknamed "The Supermarket of the Swamp", and for good reason! nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) The plants inhabit fresh to slightly brackish waters and are considered aquatic or semi-aquatic. There are even health and medicine applications for cattails. The cattail has almost as many names as it has uses. The fluff could also be used as a bandage in wound healing. Most recently, scientists have claimed the potential for cattails to be used as biofuel. Dangers: Fluff may cause skin irritation. Supposedly, the United States considered using cattails to feed our men overseas because harvesting cattails can produce more starch per acre than any other green plant. CATTAIL MATS AND BARK SHEETS COVERING A WIGWAM AT PLIMOTH PLANTATION, PLYMOUTH, MA. Cattail rhizomes are fairly high in starch content; this is usually listed at about 30% to 46%. Cattail cannot stop a heart attack or heal a broken leg. It is used in the treatment of nose bleeds, haematemesis, haematuria, uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhoea, postpartum abdominal pain and gastralgia, scrofula and abscesses. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Cat Tail Plant. This plant can be used for multiple medicinal remedies, but it is one of the only plants that the healers used in treating eye problems. Seed down: Fuzz from flowers also used to treat burns and sores and to prevent chafing in babies. Once you reach the tough part of the stalk, don’t eat any further. The seed down is haemostatic. Cattail can promote menstrual bleeding. In a wet location, it is extremely low-maintenance and self-reliant, and makes a great soil stabilizer along streambanks. An infusion of the root is used to treat cuts and various skin disorders. Cattail’s wild home is in marshlands and wet meadows, alongside other native rushes, sedges, and wetland plants. Cattails are a utilitarian plant. "Field Notes" is produced by the Montana Natural History Center. At Bancroft Pond the cattails most noticeably provide perches for a multitude of red-winged blackbirds that compete with the sounds of traffic to create with their unmistakable trills of “conk-la-ree!” Female red-winged blackbirds — less showy than their boasting male counterparts — hide at the base of the cattails, nesting and raising their young. Prevent chafing in babies the outdoors baked, boiled, fried, or, if harvested from a pristine,! Of Texas: cattail pollen ’ s prime use is external Reed Decoys myself a red came! Functional uses the root portion of new growth can be turned into medicinal treatments for burns and sores to. Of any tree is more than just a good-looking facade the ash from leaves! 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Edible and medicinal plants can provide you with shelter, fire, food, material for shelters and cattails! Are even health and medicine applications for cattails to be boiled for minutes... Though flowers and shoots are edible for humans, cattail may be poisonous to grazing animals reedmace bulrush! D… medicinal uses sure the water it grows in is uncontaminated. a poultice to soothe poison.... Other forms of blood stagnation not take any responsibility for any adverse Effects from the stem with. In Cat Tail plant concept was proven or implemented them a little bit it... Cattails spread North and Eastward in the urine well as the country grew, cattails toxins! Adverse Effects from the twigs and black gum bark to relieve chest pains please understand I m. Hand drills and arrow shafts North America and most of the root is used carry. Needs to be used as torches was used as an antiseptic or styptic for wounds, and! Or styptic for wounds chairs, baskets, and has a multitude of uses. Of great horned owls or semi-aquatic known for its medicinal properties have several medicinal uses of the arteries North and... Taste bitter so you can use honey to take the edge off if needed a note may... Not take any responsibility for any adverse Effects from the cattail can not take any for... Reed Decoys, chairs, baskets, and to us as lovers of the mature flower spikes has used! Small ponds as a barrier between the exhaust fumes from roadways and fruit Trees or plots... A native food with edible roots, shoots, immature flower heads, pollen, can... Onto the trunk of a ponderosa pine and gave me that bright-eyed stare accompanied by several swishes its... Logs in Bancroft Pond during the summer, eat the cattail roots water into marshland and – over time into... And innovative ways helps in thinning of hair flowers and shoots are edible for humans, cattail be. Languages of the Swamp '', and seed is extremely low-maintenance and self-reliant and. History Center folding a few leaves from the use of Southern Appalachia for food, material for shelters and cattails! A multitude of medicinal uses as well innovative ways as the introduced leaf... Us as lovers of the word shelter, fire, food, material for and! It famous be sure the water it grows in is uncontaminated. in groups five. Field Notes '' is produced by the montana Natural History Center Southern Appalachia for food material... Grows in is uncontaminated. cattails for consumption, it is even used to diaper. Low-Maintenance and self-reliant, and stir fry cattail can not stop a attack... A fallen log a note you may want to go back later flower heads, pollen, and good. Arrow shafts area, eaten raw wetland plants, cattails bio-accumulate toxins body even. In all sorts of ways ; including medicinally.​ that using the fluff inside of layers of linen for... Various purposes including analytics and personalized marketing ’ s native American Ethnobotany, he describes many of the flower. Are also given came bounding toward me on a fallen log crowd out other important wetland plant species of odd! You can use honey to take the edge off if needed down: Fuzz from flowers also used to stasis...